Policy of mandating minimum biofuel use be2 dating site costs
By 2011, the mandated blend can go up to 10 percenta potential market of 594 MMly (157 MMgy) of fuel ethanol.
This figure is expected to increase by approximately 30 MMly liters per year (7.9 MMgy), according to the Philippines Department of Energy (Table 1).
Feedstock Situation While there were four feedstockssugarcane, corn, cassava and sweet sorghuminitially identified for ethanol production, sugarcane is expected to be the predominant source of ethanol.
Sugarcane, corn and cassava are already cultivated extensively in the country, although they are used mainly for animal feed and human food use.
Despite growing demand for sugar, the Sugar Regulatory Administration says there are still 90,750 hectares (224,000 acres) of sugarcane available that can be used for ethanol production (Table 2).
Some studies show that on average, sugarcane farmers produce 65 metric tons of cane per hectare that could yield 70 liters (18.5 gallons) of ethanol per metric ton.
In addition, a number of public institutions, such as the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, and the National Science Research Institute, maintain collections of yeasts and have new strains to optimize ethanol yields.
A number of private and public institutions continue to develop technologies and manpower in support of the alcohol industry.
However, with the breeding efforts of the Philippine Sugar Research Institute Foundation and the Sugar Regulatory Administration, high-yielding varieties of sugarcane are available.It also introduces penal provisions against the law's violators where company officials can be incarcerated for one to five years and the company fined at least 1 million Philippine pesos (PHP), or approximately US,000.The Philippines' biofuels law is distinctive in that it imposes a minimum biofuel blending requirement on a national basis and also contains penal provisions for noncompliance.Incentives and Government Support The Philippines' Board of Investments grants the fiscal and non-fiscal incentives to priority projects, such as those in biofuels (Table 3).The law granted additional incentives to biofuels investors in addition to the existing investment incentives (Table 4).